Does Medicaid Cover Wheelchairs? The Truth You Need to Know

Does Medicaid cover wheelchairs? The truth you need to know

Wheelchairs are essential devices for many people with disabilities or mobility issues.

They can improve your quality of life, independence, and well-being.

However, wheelchairs can also be very expensive, ranging from hundreds to thousands of dollars.

You may be asking yourself, “Does Medicaid cover wheelchairs?”

Read this article to the end to get an answer to your troubling question.

In this article, I will explain everything you need to know about Medicaid wheelchair coverage in your state.

An image to illustrate my target key phrase: Does Medicaid Cover Wheelchairs?
Does Medicaid cover wheelchairs? Read this article to the end to be informed. (Source: Freepik)

Medicaid Overview

Medicaid is a federal and state program that helps low-income individuals and families pay for their healthcare costs.

To qualify for Medicaid, you must meet certain income and asset limits, as well as other criteria depending on your state.

Medicaid covers a wide range of services, including doctor visits, hospital stays, prescription drugs, and durable medical equipment (DME), such as wheelchairs.

However, Medicaid is not a uniform program across the country.

Each state has its own rules and regulations regarding eligibility, benefits, and administration.

This means that Medicaid wheelchair coverage can vary significantly from state to state.

Some states may cover more types of wheelchairs than others or have different requirements for obtaining them.

Therefore, it is important to check with your local Medicaid office or website to find out the specific details of wheelchair coverage in your state.

Wheelchair Coverage under Medicaid

Here are some general aspects of wheelchair coverage under Medicaid that you should know:

State-specific information

The first thing you need to do is find out if Medicaid covers wheelchairs in your state.

You can do this by visiting the official Medicaid website and selecting your state from the map or the drop-down menu.

You will then be directed to your state’s Medicaid page, where you can find information on eligibility, benefits, and contacts.

Alternatively, you can call your state’s Medicaid hotline or visit your local Medicaid office to ask about wheelchair coverage.

Types of wheelchairs covered

Medicaid typically covers two main types of wheelchairs: manual and power.

Manual wheelchairs are operated by the user or a caregiver, while power wheelchairs are battery-operated and controlled by a joystick or other device.

Medicaid may also cover specialized wheelchairs, such as pediatric, bariatric, or tilt-in-space wheelchairs, depending on your medical needs and the state’s policies.

Coverage criteria

To get a wheelchair covered by Medicaid, you must meet certain criteria.

The most important one is a medical necessity.

This means that you must have a medical condition that limits your ability to walk or move around and that a wheelchair is the most appropriate and cost-effective solution for your mobility needs.

You must also have a prescription from your doctor that specifies the type, size, and features of the wheelchair you need.

Additionally, you may need to get prior authorization from your Medicaid caseworker or managed care plan before you can order or receive your wheelchair.

This is a process where Medicaid reviews your prescription and medical records to determine if the wheelchair is medically necessary and covered by the program.


Depending on your income level and the state’s rules, you may have to pay some of the costs of your wheelchair.

This can include co-payments, deductibles, or income-based contributions.

These are fees that you pay out of pocket when you receive a service or item covered by Medicaid.

The amount and frequency of these fees vary by state and program.

You can find out more about cost-sharing in your state by contacting your Medicaid office or checking your Medicaid handbook.

Additional considerations

Besides the initial cost of the wheelchair, you may also need to consider the ongoing costs of maintenance, repairs, batteries, and accessories.

Medicaid may cover some or all of these costs, depending on your state and plan.

For example, Medicaid may cover the replacement of batteries or tires every few months, or the repair of a broken part every year.

However, you may have to follow certain procedures to get these services covered, such as getting prior authorization, using a preferred provider, or submitting receipts.

You should also keep in mind that Medicaid may limit the number of wheelchairs or accessories you can get within a certain period, such as one wheelchair every five years.

How to Get Started

If you believe you meet the requirements for a Medicaid-covered wheelchair, here are the steps you need to follow:

Doctor evaluation and prescription

The first step is to visit your doctor and get a comprehensive evaluation of your mobility needs.

Your doctor will examine your medical condition, functional abilities, and environmental factors to determine if a wheelchair is medically necessary for you.

If so, your doctor will write a prescription that specifies the type, size, and features of the wheelchair you need.

Your doctor may also refer you to a physical therapist or an occupational therapist for further assessment and training on how to use the wheelchair safely and effectively.

Contacting a Medicaid caseworker or managed care plan

The next step is to contact your Medicaid caseworker or managed care plan and inform them of your doctor’s prescription.

You may need to submit a copy of the prescription along with other supporting documents, such as your medical records, diagnosis, and treatment plan.

Your Medicaid caseworker or managed care plan will then review your request and determine if the wheelchair is covered by the program.

They may also request additional information or tests, such as a trial period, a home assessment, or a second opinion.

If your request is approved, you will receive a prior authorization letter that confirms your eligibility and coverage for the wheelchair.

DME supplier selection and approval process

The final step is to select a DME supplier that can provide you with the wheelchair you need.

You should choose a supplier that is enrolled in Medicaid and accepts your Medicaid plan.

Look up approved suppliers on your state’s Medicaid website or by contacting your Medicaid office.

You should also compare the prices and quality of different suppliers, and ask about their warranty, delivery, and service policies.

Once you have selected a supplier, you will need to present your prior authorization letter, your prescription, and your Medicaid card to order your wheelchair.

The supplier will then verify your information and submit a claim to Medicaid for payment.

You may have to pay a co-payment or a deductible at this point, depending on your state and plan.

After the claim is processed, you will receive your wheelchair and start using it.

Appeals process

In some cases, your request for a wheelchair may be denied by Medicaid.

This can happen for various reasons, such as lack of medical necessity, insufficient documentation, or non-compliance with Medicaid rules.

If this happens, you have the right to appeal the decision and request a fair hearing.

A fair hearing is a formal process where you can present your case to an impartial judge and explain why you need the wheelchair.

You can also bring witnesses, evidence, and legal representation to support your claim.

The judge will then review your case and issue a decision.

If the decision is in your favor, you will get your wheelchair covered by Medicaid.

If not, you will have to pay for it yourself or look for other options.


Wheelchairs are vital devices that can enhance your mobility and independence.

However, they can also be costly and complicated to obtain.

Medicaid can help you cover some or all of the costs of your wheelchair, depending on your state and situation.

I hope this article has answered your question, “Does Medicaid cover wheelchairs?” and gives you a comprehensive guide on how to get started.

If you have any questions or concerns, please leave them in the comment section below.

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